Communication Disorders

Q1. Who are the speech language pathologist /Speech therapist?


These are the professionals trained for the assessment and treatment of all kinds of communication disorders. They should have the following qualification:

  • B.Sc. (Hons )Speech and Hearing/B.Sc. Speech and Hearing/Bachelor in Audiology and speech language Pathology(BASLP)
  • M.Sc. Speech language pathology/M.Sc. speech and hearing/ MASLP
  • Certified by Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)

Although in India bachelor degree holders are also eligible to work as speech language pathologist/ speech therapist, but in developed countries like US minimum requirement is master degree. DHLS is diploma course in the field of speech and hearing and these professional are trained to work as speech therapist assistant/audiologist assistant. They are not speech therapist or audiologist and they can only work under the supervision of speech language pathologist/speech therapist/audiologist.

Recently I came to know few of the people without having proper qualification, like ex -stammerers are involved in stammering and other communication disorder treatment .Many of my clients are victims of such quack. Be alert and you should enquire first qualification of your therapist before the treatment.


Q2. How do I know when my voice is not healthy and to consult a speech language

pathologist/speech Therapist?


• Has your voice become hoarse or raspy?
• Have you lost your ability to hit some high notes when singing?
• Does your voice suddenly sound deeper?
• Does your throat often feel raw, achy, or strained?
• Has it become an effort to talk?
• Do you find yourself repeatedly clearing your throat?
• Do sometime people say madam on phone although you are a male with more than 14 years of age?
• Do you speak too softly or too loudly?
• Does your voice quality is hypernasal?


Q3. How can I identify speech and language disorders among school-age children and

need to consult a speech language pathologist?


Children may experience one or more of the following disorders:

  • Speech sound disorders – (difficulty pronouncing sounds even after the three years of age e.g. saying ball instead of doll )
  • Language disorders – (difficulty understanding what they hear as well as difficulty in expressing themselves with appropriate grammatical sentences)
  • Stuttering/Stammering (fluency) disorders – (interruption of the flow of speech that may include hesitations, repetitions, prolongations of sounds or words)
  • Voice disorders – (quality of voice that may include hoarseness, nasality, volume (too loud or soft), Female like voice of male even after the puberty (a very easily treatable voice disorders).

Q4. Can Speech therapy helpful in Stroke patient to improve the communication?


Yes, the speech language problem which results after stroke is called aphasia. The speech language pathologists/speech therapists are trained to do the aphasia assessment and treatment. They work to improve the communication of the patient.


Q5. Does speech language therapy work equally for the adults and children with speech

language disorders?


No, for children improvement will better than adults, although therapy can be useful for adult also. Early intervention will be always more effective.


Q6 Does a good voice makes you feel better?


A. Definitely. It gives you assurance that you are "someone" that people are listening to you, not tuning you out. Have you noticed during a conversation that people may turn away, forget you, or even ignore you? That may be because your voice isn't representing you as best it can. It doesn't get the attention it, and you, deserve. Once you find your natural voice, you may feel better, be more effective, and be listened to.



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